Tucson has a unique eco system that is unlike any other having challenges that can not be answered by textbook knowledge. Fortunately here at Tree Removal Service Tucson we have put our education to use with the hundreds of thousands of jobs we have completed to offer Tucsonian's the most sound advice on How To save your Tree from Monsoon Storms in Tucson.
Every year thousands of tree's in Tucson get blown over and suffer massive storm damage that puts a financial hardship on those effected. The cost of damage in Tucson can be measured in Millions and the impact is one that we should take seriously attempting to be as prudent as possible.
The first step I would like to cover is not watering your tree during active monsoon times. Every year we work for people who have tree's fall over with no wind as a culprit. These tree's go down at the end of monsoon season when the soil has been saturated excessively and the tree literally falls over. Not watering your tree during monsoon can help keep the soil hard and roots well anchored.
Secondly you want to evaluate your tree and risk. Some tree's are more likely to fracture while others outright have a risk of falling over. Knowing your tree will allow you to properly trim, treat and feed your tree based on the risk. Always have your tree cared for by a Trained Arborist Licensed with the ROC. This is difficult at times because Arizona does not list Tree Trimming/Maintenance as a licensed field. A few of us have Tree Planting/Landscape and Irrigation Licenses but there is a large group that operates without State Licensing/Training. A trained Arborist will help you to understand the risk associated with trimming techniques. Very often I have seen tree's thinned out by other Tree Service Providers with the homeowners intention being to allow wind to pass through and avoid Monsoon Damage. This is a rookie mistake most times as the branches become exposed and the wind can isolate pressure on 1 branch and break it. Most times a little bit of a dense crown can allow for bunching and each branch can provide support for the ones around it, kind of like a kite effect. So Thinning increases the chance of a branch breaking while leaving the tree a little dense can increase the risk of the whole tree being blown over. This is were knowing your tree comes in handy. A live pine tree rarely if ever breaks a branch that falls to the ground, almost always the branch breaks but due to the nature of the wood it stays in tack suspended by the tree. Pine tree's do have a shallow root system that allows them to be blown over in Micro Bursts and thus properly thinning a healthy Pine tree is a good choice to avoid monsoon damage. On the reverse side Palo Verde trees have brittle wood and break branches that fall free to the ground much more frequently, while their root system when properly structured often can withstand a monsoon storm. (with that said many palo verdes blow over) A good example of this would be the work we did for American Airlines a few years ago. Dozens of mesquites and palo verdes were damaged and what we found was that the palo verdes had been ripped in half and the top crown thrown 50 feet in some cases while the mesquites blew completely over. A Palo Verde would be a candidate to not thin out but focus more on root stimulation to advance root growth and try to develop an already good foundation. There are exceptions to the rule but I hope you get my point.
The next area you want to look for is health. If you see little gold sap bubbles on your mesquite tree it is not normal. What you have is Boring style insects penetrating the tree and tunneling around the cambium layer weakening the flow of nutrients to the outer ends and weakening the strength of the branch. An addition insect that is killing Tucson tree's is Grubs. They often are under the root ball of the tree eating the small fibrous roots causing nutrient and structural deficiencies. These insects are easily treatable by your Arborist or some over the counter products at you hardware store. A unique need of Tucson is proper watering. If your problem is advanced I recommend calling a Licensed and Trained Arborist.
The next misunderstood issue is Guying and Rigging. As it is a viable option to help your tree I do not recommend it. If you install wires they are to be maintained every 6 months with the tension being adjusted. Most times the tree's get choked from lack of maintenance and excessive tension is put on these lines causing a further risk down the road. In addition, if your young tree falls over in a storm, do not steak it back up. The lack of proper planting initially has caused a structural problem and 95% of the time it is not correctable. You can not add big anchor roots on the side you need them and the result will be a tree that needs to be removed later. Planting a tree is something that is done improperly by most Landscapers and Nurseries give horrible advice. The ISA recommends planting in a trenched hole meaning that the sides should be tapered out forming a 45 degree angle then mixing 1/3 to 2/3's organic mix to native soil. The benefit is the tree will grow roots out and gradually be forced to penetrate the hard soil with out a chance or choice to change direction. If you dig a hole 2X the size of the pot with vertical walls the tree will most likely become root bound as when the roots hit the hard wall they will change direction and ruin your chance for a properly anchored tree. A little known fact is that 90% of a tree's root system is in the top 12" of soil. This makes it highly important to plant properly.
Water your tree properly. Tucson is in a drought like none other, our tree's are dying at a rapid rate and often I find that people do not know what to do. If you drive around Town you will see Thousands of dead tree's and Thousands more that are dehydrated. The majority of Tree Born illnesses are derived from dehydration. This means that if your tree is not properly watered it becomes prone to Insects, Micro organisms and Parasites of all kind. Often the mis information leads to local myths which are not true like watering the drip line of the tree. With the watering a drip line education it is assumed that the whole area is being watered. In Tucson you will never water the root ball due to our dry environment and hard soil. We here at Tree Removal Service Tucson have unearthed a Local technique that will save you water and help your tree's flourish. Do not listen to your Landscaper about how much irrigation a tree needs. Most times they are completely negligent in this are. Take the time to have a trained Arborist out and add proper 14 Gallon emitters to your existing system and properly extend the lines to reach the base of the tree. Our long history of Tree Trimming in Tucson has given us a lot of data that we want to pass on to you.
Here at Tree Removal Service Tucson we pride ourselves in getting information out there to teach others and that is going to help all of us keep this town a great place for generations to come. Lets all learn more about saving tree's in monsoons, watering and caring for our tree properly and understanding the need to hire a Trained Arborist who is licensed by the ROC.